NZ6116 : Guisborough, ancient capital of Cleveland

taken 3 years ago, near to Guisborough, Redcar And Cleveland, Great Britain

Guisborough, ancient capital of Cleveland
Guisborough, ancient capital of Cleveland
373 years ago today (16 Jan 2016) Guisborough would have looked a totally different place. Now housing estates dominate the scene but in 1643 it would be a gentle rural scene with the “town” just a strip of houses on the right of this photo. The railway and the ironstone and the alum industries had still to impact the town. In may have just snowed like today but in a field on the edge of the town 700 newly recruited Royalist troops were being mustered by Colonel Guilford Slingsby for a march to Whitby. Where they actually were is not known. Some say it was in a field which at one time was called “War Field” but which is now a small housing estate to the west of the town’s Lawrence Jackson School (top right in the photo). Another suggestion is a field off Butts Lane.

Whitby was the home of Sir Hugh Chomeley, a Parliamentarian, who was absent having joined Lord Fairfax in his campaign against the King’s headquarters in York. The news had reached Chomeley however who had set off across the moors with 500 men plus cavalry and dragoons and two field artillery. It is not known which route they took. But at a guess Kirkbymoorside, Blakey Ridge and Castleton, approaching Guisborough from Birk Brow. So the scene is set, on the 16 January 1643, for the Battle of Guisborough, a lesser known battle of the English Civil War.

It turned out to be an outright victory for the Parliamentarians who took many prisoners. The Royalist commander lost both his legs. The Parliamentarians then moved to Yarm to protect the river bridge from being used by a supply train organised by the Duke of Newcastle for the King at York. 16 days later the Battle of Yarm took place but this time it was the Royalists who won.

Within a month Sir Hugh Chomeley had changed sides and became a Royalist which was not a good move as it upset quite a few people. He should have stuck to the winning side. After the war he spent the rest of his life in exile.

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NZ6116, 61 images   (more nearby )
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Date Taken
Saturday, 16 January, 2016   (more nearby)
Saturday, 16 January, 2016
Geographical Context
Historic sites and artefacts  Suburb, Urban fringe 
Primary Subject of Photo
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NZ 616 165 [100m precision]
WGS84: 54:32.4010N 1:2.8907W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NZ 591 132
View Direction
Northeast (about 45 degrees)
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Other Tags
Town  Site of Battle  Battle Field  English Civil War 

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