NS4377 : Deer fence

taken 3 years ago, 3 km from Milton, West Dunbartonshire, Great Britain

Deer fence
Deer fence
The picture was taken from the same place as NS4377 : Mound crossed by old track, but is a view in the opposite direction. See NS4377 : Mound crossed by old track for a view from further back.

At the time of writing, the boundary shown here on the 1:25000 map is not the deer fence, which had been created only a few years earlier. The boundary shown on the map corresponds to a long linear mound that can be seen just beyond the fence, running parallel to it. It is better seen in a view from the other side of the fence: NS4377 : Old boundary.

The line of the deer fence itself is marked on larger-scale mapping. In the distance, Black Wood is directly ahead. Dumbarton Rock is visible left of centre on the near shore of the Clyde.
Ancient field banks near Overtoun
At the time of writing (2017), there seem to be no entries about these linear mounds in online archaeology databases.

My own observations are that the banks are not simply overgrown dry-stone dykes: they are much older. As will be explained below, the sequence from older to more recent is: (1) these field banks; (2) ancient braided tracks that cross the same area; and (3) the dry-stone walls marked on the first-edition OS map (c.1860).

The field banks are predominantly earthen, but they contain many large rounded boulders (NS4377 : Old boundary), many of them made of red sandstone of a kind that can be found in the area around NS435774, as also revealed by the prominent red colouration of the soil in the modern-day paths there.

(The most similar field bank I have encountered is one that crosses Cochno Hill, about 56 km to the ESE: for that feature, see NS4875 : Remains of a boundary and related links for further information.)

Note, in connection with the following description of the field banks at Overtoun, that their course is represented on the current 1:25000 OS map:

The ancient field bank leaves the edge of the Kilpatrick Hills at NS43567720, heading NNW for 140 metres, to NS43507733. At that point it forks: one branch heads north-west, and a present-day path cuts through it at NS43407740. The other branch is longer, and heads almost northwards towards the Overtoun Burn opposite Black Craig (a prominent rock outcrop; see LinkExternal link for details).

On the other side of the burn, at NS43457768, above the centre of Black Craig, the boundary reappears, not quite on the same line, but displaced about 60 metres further to the east. From the top of Black Craig it heads NNW, gently curving to the left, so that it is heading WNW by the time it crosses the line of a modern fence at NS43177799.

This part of the boundary, north of the Overtoun Burn, is twice crossed by ancient braided tracks, at NS433877855 and NS43107801. At the second of these points, the field bank has already become indistinct (NS4377 : Old boundary it peters out at about this point), but it is clearly visible at the first crossing.

The braided tracks are themselves centuries old, and have links to the local limestone industry (see LinkExternal link for more information and for many more pictures). However, the field bank is older: the braided track cuts notches (shown in NS4377 : Old boundary) through the bank where the two meet.

More recent than either are the dry-stone walls marked on the first-edition OS map (c.1860). Where they meet, the dry-stone wall is simply built on top of the field bank, as would be expected. Where the dry-stone wall and the braided tracks meet, there are no gaps in the walls (NS4377 : Dry-stone wall); the tracks, though deep from long use, had been abandoned by the time those walls were built.
Creative Commons Licence [Some Rights Reserved]   © Copyright Lairich Rig and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.
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NS4377, 143 images   (more nearby )
Photographer
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Date Taken
Friday, 4 March, 2016   (more nearby)
Submitted
Tuesday, 22 March, 2016
Geographical Context
Boundary, Barrier 
Landmark (from Tags)
Dumbarton Rock 
Primary Subject of Photo
Fence 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NS 4340 7782 [10m precision]
WGS84: 55:58.0660N 4:30.6375W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NS 4341 7782
View Direction
Southwest (about 225 degrees)
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