SJ8397 : North Gate Rampart and Wall, Castlefield

taken 4 years ago, near to Rusholme, Manchester, Great Britain

North Gate Rampart and Wall, Castlefield
North Gate Rampart and Wall, Castlefield
This is the area where Manchester was “born”. Castlefield (“Castle in a field”) was the site of the Roman settlement that grew following the construction of the Roman fort, Mamucium LinkExternal link , in AD79. The location for the fort was chosen for its defensive position on the sandstone bluff that overlooked the confluence of the rivers Medlock and Irwell.

The original rampart was where Duke Street is now and this area was outside the fort’s defensive walls. The Romans dug pits here to extract gravel. The area was used for defensive ditches from the late-1st to mid-2nd Centuries and the fort was later expanded westwards to include this area. A new rampart was constructed, built of earth with a turf revetment; this was fronted with stone ca 200AD and survived until the end of the Roman period, ca 400AD.

This reconstruction of the North Gate rampart and wall (together with ditches in front) was built in 1982 is based on the extensive archaeological excavations and research carried out in 1906 by Francis Bruton and by the Greater Manchester Archaeological Unit in 1980 which revealed complex Roman structures overlain and damaged by 19th and 20th century development, including the railway viaducts.
(Abridged from a series of information boards around the site)
Creative Commons Licence [Some Rights Reserved]   © Copyright David Dixon and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.
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SJ8397, 2207 images   (more nearby )
Photographer
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Date Taken
Thursday, 31 March, 2016   (more nearby)
Submitted
Tuesday, 5 April, 2016
Geographical Context
Historic sites and artefacts  City, Town centre 
Camera (from Tags)
Panasonic DMC-G7 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SJ 832 976 [100m precision]
WGS84: 53:28.5239N 2:15.2389W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SJ 832 977
View Direction
South-southwest (about 202 degrees)
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Image classification(about): Geograph
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