SP9499 : Wakerley ironstone quarries

taken 5 years ago, near to Barrowden, Rutland, Great Britain

Wakerley ironstone quarries
Wakerley ironstone quarries
Detail of the calcining kilns. The completed kilns stand around 70 feet high. As can be seen the condition of the concrete bases is deteriorating; Tonks commented on this in 1979, so there is still some life in them!
Wakerley ironstone quarries

The ironstone workings at Wakerley were neither very extensive, nor long-lived, but the result of this is that there has been less perceived need to restore the site with the result that there is a more complete set of remains than at most of the regions quarry locations.

The remains include a prominent quarry gullet, the largely complete trackbed of the railway/tramway connecting the workings to the mainline railway and of course the prominent calcining kilns.

The site shows evidence of two tramways., leading to raised tipping docks. The western of the two is the earlier, operated by Bell & Co between 1913 and early 1914. In early 1915the lease was taken up by the Wakerley Ironstone Co. Ltd., and the easterly tramway probably dates from their commencement of operations in 1916, although this is unconfirmed. The company was taken over by the Partington Steel and Iron Co in 1918.

The most spectacular consequence of this take-over was the erection of four calcining kilns, evidence of an expectation of substantial workings. They were built partly on the site of the original tipping dock, the embankment to which has been cut back. The purpose of calcining the ore is to reduce bulk by driving off moisture and CO2 from the limestone element of the ore, thus reducing its bulk and as a result transport costs. This is a relatively labour intensive process however. In practice only two of the four kilns were built up from their bases, and even these were never put into operation. They are now all Listed Grade II.

The new tramway had its own tipping dock, the masonry face of which survives in quite good condition. It was clearly built in two stages, as the original portion is in stone and the later of brick. On top of the embankment to this dock are a set of stone foundations which almost certainly belonged to a weighbridge.

In the event, the geological conditions of the ore deposits, particularly those north of the road between Wakerley and Harringworth, were found unsuitable for mechanised quarrying and operations are thought to have ceased in 1921. Today the area is largely given over to sheep pasturing, with the result that the earthworks are largely undisturbed and not subject to significant erosion.

For full details of the quarries, see this publication: The Ironstone Quarries of the Midlands Part 6, E.Tonks, 2009 edition by Book Law Publications, pp.263-9. ISBN 978-1-907094-05-7

Listed Buildings and Structures

Listed buildings and structures are officially designated as being of special architectural, historical or cultural significance. There are over half a million listed structures in the United Kingdom, covered by around 375,000 listings.
Listed status is more commonly associated with buildings or groups of buildings, however it can cover many other structures, including bridges, headstones, steps, ponds, monuments, walls, phone boxes, wrecks, parks, and heritage sites, and in more recent times a road crossing (Abbey Road) and graffiti art (Banksy 'Spy-booth') have been included.

In England and Wales there are three main listing designations;
Grade I (2.5%) - exceptional interest, sometimes considered to be internationally important.
Grade II* (5.5%) - particularly important buildings of more than special interest.
Grade II (92%) - nationally important and of special interest.

There are also locally listed structures (at the discretion of local authorities) using A, B and C designations.

In Scotland three classifications are also used but the criteria are different. There are around 47,500 Listed buildings.
Category A (8%)- generally equivalent to Grade I and II* in England and Wales
Category B (51%)- this appears generally to cover the ground of Grade II, recognising national importance.
Category C (41%)- buildings of local importance, probably with some overlap with English Grade II.

In Northern Ireland the criteria are similar to Scotland, but the classifications are:
Grade A (2.3%)
Grade B+ (4.7%)
Grade B (93%)

Read more at Wikipedia LinkExternal link

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SP9499, 101 images   (more nearby search)
Photographer
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Date Taken
Monday, 4 April, 2016   (more nearby)
Submitted
Friday, 8 April, 2016
Geographical Context
Quarrying, Mining  Derelict, Disused 
Former (from Tags)
Calcining Kiln 
Building Materials (from Tags)
Brick and Concrete 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SP 9473 9966 [10m precision]
WGS84: 52:35.1901N 0:36.1923W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SP 9477 9968
View Direction
West-southwest (about 247 degrees)
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Other Tags
Former Ironstone Quarry  Grade II Listed 

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