NY4055 : St Albans Row, Carlisle - June 2017

taken 7 years ago, near to Carlisle, Cumbria, England

St Albans Row, Carlisle - June 2017
St Albans Row, Carlisle - June 2017
A photograph from the 1870s shows the curved building on left nearest the camera was once "Henry Sawyer, Chemist & Druggist". Beyond that to the archway under the brick-faced building to right was the "Old Queen's Head Hotel", which is known to have closed in 1903. However, State Management Scheme records show two pubs in St Albans Row - the "Hole-in-the-Wall" and the "St Albans Row Vault". Neither are clearly identified on the 1901 OS Map, although a pub is shown at the far end of the row, seemingly extending into Scotch Street and on the site of the current "Body Shop" retail outlet. No pubs are shown here on the 1925 OS Map.

Scheme records show the St Albans Row Vaults was converted to an off-licence on 25 September 1916 and it is probable both premises were closed shortly thereafter.

See also: NY4055 : Site of former pub, Scotch Street, Carlisle - June 2017 .

Photograph is for record only - I have no connection with any business seen in this view and cannot advise on their products or services.
The State Managed Pubs & Breweries of Carlisle and District :: NY4459

To supply munitions for the Great War, a huge complex was constructed north of Carlisle. Starting in the autumn of 1915, some 10-12,000 “navvies” built a glycerine plant at Dornock between Eastriggs and Annan, while a distilled ether plant was erected between Mossband and Longtown. Eventually stretching some 7 miles long by 2 miles deep with 17 miles of perimeter fencing, at its peak it employed some 20,000 people – mainly women but with a considerable number of male construction workers.
Unfortunately, the influx of “navvies” gave rise to serious drunkenness problems in the City of Carlisle. While Carlisle had some 120 licensed premises in 1916, many were small, one-roomed affairs which simply could not cope with the crowds. Also, the local Constabulary were greatly pressed, with 953 convictions for drunkenness in 1916 (compared with 250 in 1914/15). In addition, there was concern a “tired and emotional” worker could accidentally reduce the area to a very large hole in the ground!
The Government’s answer was to “nationalise” all the pubs and breweries in Carlisle, a process begun in July 1916 and which quickly extended out to Longtown in the east and Maryport in the south-west. Pubs around Gretna and Eastriggs were also included. All were under the control of a local Board, based at 19 Castle Street, Carlisle (now a bookshop), which imposed strict opening hours, a maximum (and very low) alcoholic content for beer and spirits, and a ban on “treating” (buying a round for your mates).
Many old or inadequate pubs were quickly closed. But the scheme did not end with the cessation of hostilities on 11 November 1918, with the last pub – the White Swan in Wigton – only being acquired in January 1921. Indeed, Government control of these pubs and breweries continued until 1971, with return to private ownership not completed until 1973.
As the Scottish pubs soon moved to the control of a local Board, this Shared Description is intended to cover only the pubs and breweries purchased by the Scheme in what is now north-west Cumbria, or built in the years 1916-1971 – or what may now be found on the site (if anything). Many have closed – some have been demolished and some are under new developments or even roads! But there is one excellent book on the subject – “The Carlisle State Management Scheme” by the late Olive Seabury (Bookcase – 2007 – currently out of print), while “Carlisle Breweries and Public Houses 1894-1916” by Steven Davidson (P3 Publications – 2004 – also out of print) is a very useful starting point. Also, the web sites: “The State Management Story” LinkExternal link (not regularly updated) and Wikipedia at: LinkExternal link

Creative Commons Licence [Some Rights Reserved]   © Copyright The Carlisle Kid and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.
This photo is linked from: Automatic Clusters: · Carlisle [934] · Street [398] · Photograph is for Record [195] · Building [189] Other Photos: · Site of former pub, Scotch Street, Carlisle - June 2017 ·
1:50,000 Modern Day Landranger(TM) Map © Crown Copyright
1:50,000 Modern Day Landranger(TM) Map © Crown Copyright
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NY4055, 1362 images   (more nearby 🔍)
The Carlisle Kid   (more nearby)
Date Taken
Wednesday, 7 June, 2017   (more nearby)
Wednesday, 7 June, 2017
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NY 400 559 [100m precision]
WGS84: 54:53.6911N 2:56.1657W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NY 400 559
View Direction
East-northeast (about 67 degrees)
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Image Type (about): geograph 
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