SK3447 : Gas lamp and wall, Long Row railway bridge

taken 1 year ago, near to Belper, Derbyshire, Great Britain

Gas lamp and wall, Long Row railway bridge
Gas lamp and wall, Long Row railway bridge
The Strutts established a private gasworks in Belper with at least 8 street lamps in existence before 1825, the town gasworks not being established until 1848. There are three of these 19th century cast iron lamp posts on Long Row, although they are not datable. Listed Grade II.

Also Listed Grade II is the low wall which follows the line of the garden walls of the houses demolished to make way for the railway.
Strutt housing in Belper
From the late 18th century onwards the Strutts developed housing in the area to the east of their textile mill on the River Derwent.

A variety of types of house were provided.

The earliest, and the smallest, are the terraces of Short Row, Mill Street (formerly Hedge Row) and Field Row, dating from around 1790. There are of brick construction

The next stage appears to have been the long terrace on the north side of Long Row (later broken by the railway) dating from the late 1790s. These are larger houses, rising to 3 storeys, built of local stone with slate roofs. A feature of these houses is that the house plans interlock, resulting in alternating wider and narrowing frontages. Of similar date and style is Crown Terrace, off Bridge Street, although here the houses do not interlock.

The terraced houses on the south side are slightly later, and built of brick. They have a much more traditional layout.

The final development from the early period, c.1803, consists of the so-called 'Cluster' houses, situated between what are now named William, George, and Joseph Streets, after the three sons of Jedediah Strutt who started the mills. These are blocks of four houses stone-built in a quartered layout, each with a substantial plot of ground and a pigsty and apparently intended for mill foremen and managers. Eight clusters were intended, but only five were built. Most of them have been extended in the 20th century as the original accommodation is quite limited by modern standards.

The Cluster house was developed by Bage of Shrewsbury and was widely copied in other countries. The Belper examples are thought to be the earliest remaining examples.

All these groups are Listed Grade II.

Although there has been some later infill development, the area remains remarkably original. The streets remain unadopted, so do not present a modern 'sanitised' appearance. In particular, Long Row retains its original stone paving of large sandstone setts.
Listed Buildings and Structures
Listed buildings and structures are officially designated as being of special architectural, historical or cultural significance. There are over half a million listed structures in the United Kingdom, covered by around 375,000 listings.
Listed status is more commonly associated with buildings or groups of buildings, however it can cover many other structures, including bridges, headstones, steps, ponds, monuments, walls, phone boxes, wrecks, parks, and heritage sites, and in more recent times a road crossing (Abbey Road) and graffiti art (Banksy 'Spy-booth') have been included.

In England and Wales there are three main listing designations;
Grade I (2.5%) - exceptional interest, sometimes considered to be internationally important.
Grade II* (5.5%) - particularly important buildings of more than special interest.
Grade II (92%) - nationally important and of special interest.

There are also locally listed structures (at the discretion of local authorities) using A, B and C designations.

In Scotland three classifications are also used but the criteria are different. There are around 47,500 Listed buildings.
Category A (8%)- generally equivalent to Grade I and II* in England and Wales
Category B (51%)- this appears generally to cover the ground of Grade II, recognising national importance.
Category C (41%)- buildings of local importance, probably with some overlap with English Grade II.

In Northern Ireland the criteria are similar to Scotland, but the classifications are:
Grade A (2.3%)
Grade B+ (4.7%)
Grade B (93%)

…read more at wikipedia LinkExternal link
Belper Railway cutting
When the North Midland Railway was engineered between 1839-40 by George and Robert Stephenson, it was found necessary to create a cutting through the town of Belper. This was partly at the insistent of the Strutts to ensure a minimum of visual intrusion.

To reduce land-take, a narrow cutting was created, with curved stone linings, running from New Road in the south to north of Long Row, with the exception of the section where the station was created. A further section of retaining wall exists on the east side of the railway to the south of Gibfield Lane.

A series of bridges of essentially identical design were built for the various roads which crossed the line. The bridges and cutting were designed by A.M.Ross, resident engineer for this section of the construction of the railway.

Cutting and bridges all survive in largely original condition and all are separately Listed Grade II. The line is considered to be amongst the best-preserved examples of the pioneering phase of railway development in England.
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SK3447, 299 images   (more nearby )
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Date Taken
Sunday, 9 July, 2017   (more nearby)
Wednesday, 12 July, 2017
Geographical Context
Historic sites and artefacts  Suburb, Urban fringe 
Material (from Tags)
Cast Iron 
Period (from Tags)
19th Century 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SK 3476 4790 [10m precision]
WGS84: 53:1.6359N 1:28.9910W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SK 3476 4790
View Direction
Southeast (about 135 degrees)
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Other Tags
Gas Lamp  Garden Wall  Grade II Listed 

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Image Type (about): geograph 
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