SJ8497 : The Molly House

taken 1 year ago, near to Manchester, Great Britain

The Molly House
The Molly House
The mural on the gable end of The Molly House on Richmond Street honours Manchester's most famous gay people. Computing pioneer Alan Turing (bottom right), suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst (top left), writer Quentin Crisp (bottom left) and drag queens Foo Foo Lammar (top right) and Anna Phylactic (top) are all pictured. The design which incorporates artwork inspired by Anna Phylactic and dancing bears on a rainbow, was chosen after a public competition organised by gay community group Queerchester. It features winning artist Glenn Jones' creation along with designs by runner ups Lauren Jo Kelly, Adam Pryce and Mark Wallis. Professional street artists Hayley Garner (aka Aylo), from Rochdale, and Joy Gilleard (aka Cbloxx) from Leeds completed the work in September 2014.

SJ8497 : Molly House Mural (detail).
Alan Turing
Alan Mathison Turing was born in 1912. In 1935 he developed the concept of the Turing machine, considered to be the basis of the modern theory of computation. It was published in 1936, whilst he studied for a PhD.

During the Second World War Turing worked at Bletchley Park, the Government Code and Cypher School Headquarters, and his invention of the “Bombe” is credited with helping the Allied Forces win the war. Bombe was able to decode the previously “unbreakable” codes produced by the German Enigma machine, thus shortening the war and saving countless thousands of lives. In 1945 Turing was awarded the OBE by King George VI for his wartime services, but his work remained secret for many years.

After the war, Turing worked at the National Physical Laboratory, where he designed the ACE, among the first designs for a stored-program computer and in 1948 he joined Max Newman's Computing Machine Laboratory at the University of Manchester, where he helped develop the first digital computer “Baby”. He became part of the team responsible for most of the important breakthroughs in the development of the computer. He also worked on the subject of Artificial Intelligence.

In 1952 Turing disclosed his homosexuality to a detective investigating a burglary at his home. Homosexuality was at that time a criminal offence and he was arrested, and subsequently the man whose work had been crucial to the war effort was prosecuted in for homosexual acts and failed his security clearance at GCHQ, the post-war successor to Bletchley Park. He accepted treatment with DES (chemical castration) as an alternative to prison.

Turing died in 1954, 16 days before his 42nd birthday, from cyanide poisoning. Although the apple was never tested, an inquest determined his death as suicide, but it has been noted that the known evidence is equally consistent with accidental poisoning. In 2009, following an Internet campaign, then-Prime Minister Gordon Brown made a full and unequivocal official public apology on behalf of the British government for "the appalling way he was treated." Queen Elizabeth II granted him a posthumous pardon in 2013 LinkExternal link (Daily Telegraph report).

LinkExternal link The Alan Turing Home Page maintained by Andrew Hodges, author of “Alan Turing: the Enigma”
Creative Commons Licence [Some Rights Reserved]   © Copyright Gerald England and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.
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SJ8497, 1664 images   (more nearby )
Photographer
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Date Taken
Thursday, 9 March, 2017   (more nearby)
Submitted
Friday, 28 July, 2017
Geographical Context
Business, Retail, Services 
Person (from Tags)
Alan Turing  Emmeline Pankhurst  Quentin Crisp  Foo Foo Lammar  Anna Phylactic  Glenn Jones  Lauren Jo Kelly  Adam Pryce  Mark Wallis  Hayley Garner  Joy Gilleard 
Date (from Tags)
2014 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SJ 8436 9788 [10m precision]
WGS84: 53:28.6446N 2:14.2271W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SJ 8435 9786
View Direction
North-northeast (about 22 degrees)
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Other Tags
Public House  Street Art  LGBT Community  Gay Village  Mural  Queerchester 

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