SH4389 : Approaching the Parys Mountain copper mine

taken 1 year ago, near to Gadfa, Isle of Anglesey/Sir Ynys Mon, Great Britain

Approaching the Parys Mountain copper mine
Approaching the Parys Mountain copper mine
The Warning Notice reads: "Upon entering these premises you consent that Anglesey Mining plc and the occupier of these premises will accept no liability whatsoever for any loss or damage caused. Entry is at your own risk."
In these Health & Safety-conscious days, such notices are all too prevalent. But in the context of a former mine, with many dangers both obvious and concealed, such a warning seems entirely reasonable to me.
Parys Mountain :: SH4490
The copper deposits on Parys Mountain were known in Bronze Age and Roman times, but it was not until the mid 18th century that the first major ore deposit was discovered, leading to the development of the Parys mine and the smaller Mona mine to the east. After initial disputes between the two concerns, both mines came under the control of local lawyer Thomas Williams. By 1780, the copper from these two mines dominated the world market for the metal, with several thousand people being employed and nearby Amwlch being at the time the second largest town in Wales.

The mines were initially worked from shallow shafts, then opencast and later underground shafts up to 300m deep.

Competition from elsewhere in the world grew during the 19th century and eventually deep mining ceased in the 1880s.

What now remains is a large area of multi-coloured rock and scree which can be explored by following a heritage trail set up by the Amwlch Industrial Heritage Trust. The high acidity of the rock means that there is little plant life, adding to the moonscape appearance.

All is not over though for mining, in that in 1984 Anglesey Mining plc was formed with the aim of restarting ore extraction. Over 2000 tonnes of ore was taken from a new shaft but market conditions meant that development was halted. Further investigation took place in the 1990s and 2000s identifying the significant potential that the site still has.
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SH4389, 38 images   (more nearby )
Photographer
  (find more nearby)
Date Taken
Monday, 24 July, 2017   (more nearby)
Submitted
Friday, 11 August, 2017
Geographical Context
Quarrying, Mining 
Primary Subject of Photo
Mine 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SH 4390 8981 [10m precision]
WGS84: 53:22.9203N 4:20.9021W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SH 4380 8974
View Direction
Northeast (about 45 degrees)
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Image Type (about): geograph 
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