SD8789 : Gayle Mill

taken 2 years ago, near to Gayle, North Yorkshire, Great Britain

This is 1 of 15 images, with title Gayle Mill in this square
Gayle Mill
Gayle Mill
The view from Gayle Bridge. On the right the penstock or launder feeding water to the mill. Plenty of water in the Gayle Beck on this September day.
Gayle Mill, Hawes
Gayle Mill was built in 1784 as a watermill for spinning cotton, following Richard Arkwright's principles, but was converted quite soon thereafter to spinning flax and then wool for the local knitting industry.

In 1879 the mill was modernised, with the wheel replaced by a Thomson-design double-vortex turbine manufactured by Williamsons of Kendal, and was converted to a sawmill.

A second turbine was installed around 1900 to provide electric lighting and a third in the 1920s by the Hawes Electric Company to provide electricity to the village.

This is the condition in which the mill has been revived in 2008 as a conservation project, with much of the original machinery still operable. The mill is run by a trust and still provides sawmill services on a commercial basis. Workshops for a variety of craft skills, not exclusively timber based are also organised.

The mill itself is Listed Grade II*.

The penstock/launder feeding water to the mill dates back to the construction of the mill, and is partly of stone, partly a timber channel supported on stone piers. It is Listed Grade II separately from the mill.

The mill, penstock and mill pond (above Gayle bridge) are also designated as a Scheduled Monument.
Listed Buildings and Structures
Listed buildings and structures are officially designated as being of special architectural, historical or cultural significance. There are over half a million listed structures in the United Kingdom, covered by around 375,000 listings.
Listed status is more commonly associated with buildings or groups of buildings, however it can cover many other structures, including bridges, headstones, steps, ponds, monuments, walls, phone boxes, wrecks, parks, and heritage sites, and in more recent times a road crossing (Abbey Road) and graffiti art (Banksy 'Spy-booth') have been included.

In England and Wales there are three main listing designations;
Grade I (2.5%) - exceptional interest, sometimes considered to be internationally important.
Grade II* (5.5%) - particularly important buildings of more than special interest.
Grade II (92%) - nationally important and of special interest.

There are also locally listed structures (at the discretion of local authorities) using A, B and C designations.

In Scotland three classifications are also used but the criteria are different. There are around 47,500 Listed buildings.
Category A (8%)- generally equivalent to Grade I and II* in England and Wales
Category B (51%)- this appears generally to cover the ground of Grade II, recognising national importance.
Category C (41%)- buildings of local importance, probably with some overlap with English Grade II.

In Northern Ireland the criteria are similar to Scotland, but the classifications are:
Grade A (2.3%)
Grade B+ (4.7%)
Grade B (93%)

…read more at wikipedia LinkExternal link
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Grid Square
SD8789, 442 images   (more nearby )
Photographer
  (find more nearby)
Date Taken
Wednesday, 13 September, 2017   (more nearby)
Submitted
Sunday, 17 September, 2017
Geographical Context
Historic sites and artefacts  Industry 
Period (from Tags)
Late 18th Century 
Date (from Tags)
1784 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SD 8712 8934 [10m precision]
WGS84: 54:17.9704N 2:11.9648W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SD 8712 8927
View Direction
NORTH (about 0 degrees)
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Other Tags
Watermill  Sawmill  Grade II(star) Listed  Penstock  Scheduled Monument  Beck  River in Spate 

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Image Type (about): geograph 
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