SE0361 : Skull Road, Bunsall

taken 8 months ago, near to Burnsall, North Yorkshire, Great Britain

Skull Road, Bunsall
Skull Road, Bunsall
Ebolton Hill to the left. I'm on or just to the north of the North Craven Fault.
Burnsall is a village in the Craven district of North Yorkshire. It is situated on the River Wharfe in Wharfedale, with a five-arched bridge over which the Dalesway passes, and is in the Yorkshire Dales National Park. It is 2 miles south-east of Hebden, along a river path dated to Viking times. The village has a parish church, a chapel, a primary school (housed in the original grammar school building of 1602, which is a grade II listed building), two hotels with restaurants, and a pub. The school building, like the much-photographed bridge (also grade II listed), is an early 17th-century legacy of William Craven of nearby Appletreewick.
St Wilfrid's Church (a grade I listed building) is almost entirely Perpendicular. Amongst its well-known internal features are an 11th-century font carved with bird and beasts, twelve Anglo-Saxon sculpture fragments and a 14th-century alabaster panel depicting the Adoration of the Magi. The church-yard, which has a number of interesting grave-stones, is entered from the main road by a large and well-kept Lychgate.
The Craven Cracoean Reef Belt :: SD9860
The Craven Cracoean Reef Belt (CCRB) is an area of geology from Settle to Burnsall in North Yorkshire related to a Lower Carboniferous (Visean - Brigantian) apron reef situated on the southern limit of the Askrigg Block. A series of rounded hills mark the location of flank and mound carbonate deposits that separate 'shallow' shelf deposits north of the Mid Craven fault from 'deeper' deposits of the Craven Basin to the south.

With the development of a barrier like apron reef along the hanging wall of the Mid-Craven Fault; the ramp deposits of the Kinsley Formation (thickly bedded muddy carbonates affected by tides and storms SD6975 : Carboniferous Coral) gave way to back-reef deposits (thinly bedded pure carbonates) of the Cove and Gordale Formations.

The mounds themselves are mostly massive limestone with some areas containing crinoidal deposits, sponges, corals, brachiopods and stromatolites. The earliest reefal structures are small mudmounds, as movement along the Craven Faults progressed the mounds grew into the larger structures visible today. Swinden Quarry is a great example of a core and flank reef that has been dissected by quarrying.

Also worth seeing is the exposure at Loup Scar SE0361 : Loup Scar (5). Flank limestones has been channelised, infilled and rotated by fault movement. This shows the dynamic active environment that these rocks were deposited. See 'Mississippian reef development in the Cracoe Limestone Formation of the southern Askrigg Block, North Yorkshire, UK' by Waters et al., 2017 for more details.
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SE0361, 265 images   (more nearby )
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Date Taken
Monday, 9 October, 2017   (more nearby)
Wednesday, 25 October, 2017
Geographical Context
Geological interest  Farm, Fishery, Market Gardening  Roads, Road transport 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SE 0347 6145 [10m precision]
WGS84: 54:2.9402N 1:56.9096W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SE 0354 6142
View Direction
West-northwest (about 292 degrees)
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Image Type (about): geograph 
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