SX4350 : Church of St Andrew

taken 2 years ago, near to Cawsand, Cornwall, Great Britain

This is 1 of 3 images, with title Church of St Andrew in this square
Church of St Andrew
Church of St Andrew
Grade II listed. LinkExternal link
Kingsand and Cawsand
Kingsand and Cawsand are twin coastal villages in southeast Cornwall. The two villages are effectively one, as they merge together with no obvious demarcation. However, for a while Kingsand was in Devon, while Cawsand remained in Cornwall. This old boundary can be found on the house "Devon-Corn" (see SX4350 : Devon Corn). The boundary between the two counties was redrawn along the Tamar in 1844, when Kingsand returned to Cornwall.
Kingsand-Cawsand has several pubs: In Cawsand, The Cawsand Bay Hotel and The Cross Keys remain while The Criterion and The Ship (almost opposite each other in Garrett Street) have both closed. The former has been converted into a house, while the latter is in a sorry state awaiting renovation. In Kingsand there is The Halfway House, The Devonport and The Rising Sun, while the former Boatel has now closed and become a private dwelling.
Cawsand has just one shop, "The Shop in the Square" but Kingsand has several mostly clustered around The Cleave and up along Fore Street.
In summer there is a regular passenger ferry from Cawsand Beach across Cawsand Bay, past the breakwater and Plymouth Sound to the Mayflower Steps in Plymouth. This excellent little ferry (a former lifeboat from the Canberra, I believe) can be quite an eventful and exciting crossing in choppy seas, though if the weather becomes too fearsome it doesn't run. The ferry is used both by villagers travelling to Plymouth, and by residents of Plymouth visiting this very attractive part of Cornwall - to use the beach or to walk to nearby Mount Edgcumbe.
Kingsand-Cawsand is situated on the Rame peninsula and is surrounded by varied and dramatic countryside, with cliffs, bays, sandy beaches, undulating farmland and many woods and streams as well as numerous historic relics, most particularly the post-Napoleonic forts built by Palmerston in the mid C19th to deter the French. Many of these forts and batteries are now ruinous, but several such as Cawsand and Picklecombe Forts have been converted into exclusive apartments, while the largest of all, at Tregantle is still used by the Army and has an accompanying Danger Area (when red flags are flying) which extends down to Long Sands on Whitsand Bay.
Listed Buildings and Structures
Listed buildings and structures are officially designated as being of special architectural, historical or cultural significance. There are over half a million listed structures in the United Kingdom, covered by around 375,000 listings.
Listed status is more commonly associated with buildings or groups of buildings, however it can cover many other structures, including bridges, headstones, steps, ponds, monuments, walls, phone boxes, wrecks, parks, and heritage sites, and in more recent times a road crossing (Abbey Road) and graffiti art (Banksy 'Spy-booth') have been included.

In England and Wales there are three main listing designations;
Grade I (2.5%) - exceptional interest, sometimes considered to be internationally important.
Grade II* (5.5%) - particularly important buildings of more than special interest.
Grade II (92%) - nationally important and of special interest.

There are also locally listed structures (at the discretion of local authorities) using A, B and C designations.

In Scotland three classifications are also used but the criteria are different. There are around 47,500 Listed buildings.
Category A (8%)- generally equivalent to Grade I and II* in England and Wales
Category B (51%)- this appears generally to cover the ground of Grade II, recognising national importance.
Category C (41%)- buildings of local importance, probably with some overlap with English Grade II.

In Northern Ireland the criteria are similar to Scotland, but the classifications are:
Grade A (2.3%)
Grade B+ (4.7%)
Grade B (93%)

…read more at wikipedia LinkExternal link
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Grid Square
SX4350, 223 images   (more nearby )
Photographer
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Date Taken
Thursday, 1 June, 2017   (more nearby)
Submitted
Saturday, 9 December, 2017
Geographical Context
Religious sites 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SX 4332 5019 [10m precision]
WGS84: 50:19.8452N 4:12.1648W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SX 4333 5021
View Direction
Southwest (about 225 degrees)
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Image Type (about): close look 
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