SX1150 : St Catherine's Castle

taken 1 year ago, near to Polruan, Cornwall, Great Britain

This is 1 of 2 images, with title St Catherine's Castle in this square
St Catherine's Castle
St Catherine's Castle
St Catherine's Castle
St Catherine's Castle is a Henrician castle, built by Thomas Treffry between approximately 1538 and 1540, in response to fears of an invasion of England by France and the Holy Roman Empire. The D-shaped, stone fortification, equipped with five gun-ports for cannon, overlooked the mouth of the River Fowey in Cornwall. It was protected by a curtain wall and the surrounding cliffs. The castle remained in use for many years until it was closed at the end of the Napoleonic Wars in 1815. Brought back into service in 1855 during the Crimean War, it was fitted with two new artillery positions, but it soon became obsolete and was abandoned. During the Second World War the castle was refortified and used to house a battery of naval guns, protecting the coast against the threat of German attack. At the end of the conflict the castle was restored to its previous condition and is now managed by English Heritage as a tourist attraction.
Grade II* listed. LinkExternal link
Listed Buildings and Structures
Listed buildings and structures are officially designated as being of special architectural, historical or cultural significance. There are over half a million listed structures in the United Kingdom, covered by around 375,000 listings.
Listed status is more commonly associated with buildings or groups of buildings, however it can cover many other structures, including bridges, headstones, steps, ponds, monuments, walls, phone boxes, wrecks, parks, and heritage sites, and in more recent times a road crossing (Abbey Road) and graffiti art (Banksy 'Spy-booth') have been included.

In England and Wales there are three main listing designations;
Grade I (2.5%) - exceptional interest, sometimes considered to be internationally important.
Grade II* (5.5%) - particularly important buildings of more than special interest.
Grade II (92%) - nationally important and of special interest.

There are also locally listed structures (at the discretion of local authorities) using A, B and C designations.

In Scotland three classifications are also used but the criteria are different. There are around 47,500 Listed buildings.
Category A (8%)- generally equivalent to Grade I and II* in England and Wales
Category B (51%)- this appears generally to cover the ground of Grade II, recognising national importance.
Category C (41%)- buildings of local importance, probably with some overlap with English Grade II.

In Northern Ireland the criteria are similar to Scotland, but the classifications are:
Grade A (2.3%)
Grade B+ (4.7%)
Grade B (93%)

…read more at wikipedia LinkExternal link
Henrician Castles
The Device Forts, also known as Henrician Castles, are a series of artillery fortifications built to defend the southern coast of England by Henry VIII. After his divorce of Catherine of Aragon England was left politically isolated, and a treaty between France and Spain in 1538 aroused fears of invasion.

The buildings all followed a similar form, with squat towers.

Wikipedia LinkExternal link
Fowey :: SX1251
Fowey is a small town at the mouth of the River Fowey in south Cornwall. The town has been in existence since before 1300; the estuary of the River Fowey forms a natural harbour which enabled the town to become an important trading centre.
Wikipedia: LinkExternal link
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SX1150, 81 images   (more nearby )
Photographer
  (find more nearby)
Date Taken
Saturday, 2 September, 2017   (more nearby)
Submitted
Friday, 12 January, 2018
Geographical Context
Historic sites and artefacts  Derelict, Disused  Defence, Military 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SX 1178 5094 [10m precision]
WGS84: 50:19.6953N 4:38.7484W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SX 1175 5095
View Direction
East-southeast (about 112 degrees)
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Image Type (about): geograph 
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