SX4753 : Monuments on The Hoe

taken 4 years ago, near to Plymouth, Great Britain

Monuments on The Hoe
Monuments on The Hoe
Plymouth Naval Memorial

The Plymouth Naval Memorial is a war memorial located on Plymouth Hoe to British and Commonwealth sailors who were lost in the World Wars. It was Grade II* listed, but in May 2016 it was upgraded to Grade I listed. LinkExternal link
After World War I, the Royal Navy wanted to find a way to commemorate sailors who had died at sea and had no known grave. An Admiralty committee recommended building memorials at the three main naval ports in Great Britain -- Plymouth, Chatham,TQ7667 : Chatham Naval Memorial, TQ7667 : Chatham Naval Memorial Link . and Portsmouth SZ6398 : Royal Navy War Memorial Link]. The memorials at all three sites were designed by Sir Robert Lorimer with sculpture by Henry Poole.
Following World War II, the naval memorials were expanded to commemorate the dead from that war. Sir Edward Maufe performed the architectural design for the expansion at Plymouth, and the sculpture was by Charles Wheeler and William McMillan.
The Plymouth memorial also bears the names of sailors from Australia, South Africa, and India. The Plymouth Naval Memorial commemorates 7,251 sailors of World War I and 15,933 of World War II.

The Armada Memorial

The Armada Memorial was put up in 1888. The architect was Herbert A Gribble, and the sculptor was W Charles May. The story is told that Sir Francis Drake saw the Spanish ships of the Armada from Plymouth Hoe and stayed to finish a game of bowls before setting off to defeat the invasion in 1588.

Grade II* listed. LinkExternal link

Grade I and Category A listed buildings and structures

Grade I listed buildings and structures are of exceptional, even international importance. There are over 6,000 in the country. Only 2.5% of listed buildings are Grade I listed.
In Scotland the classification is Category A
Index: LinkExternal link

Listed Buildings and Structures

Listed buildings and structures are officially designated as being of special architectural, historical or cultural significance. There are over half a million listed structures in the United Kingdom, covered by around 375,000 listings.
Listed status is more commonly associated with buildings or groups of buildings, however it can cover many other structures, including bridges, headstones, steps, ponds, monuments, walls, phone boxes, wrecks, parks, and heritage sites, and in more recent times a road crossing (Abbey Road) and graffiti art (Banksy 'Spy-booth') have been included.

In England and Wales there are three main listing designations;
Grade I (2.5%) - exceptional interest, sometimes considered to be internationally important.
Grade II* (5.5%) - particularly important buildings of more than special interest.
Grade II (92%) - nationally important and of special interest.

There are also locally listed structures (at the discretion of local authorities) using A, B and C designations.

In Scotland three classifications are also used but the criteria are different. There are around 47,500 Listed buildings.
Category A (8%)- generally equivalent to Grade I and II* in England and Wales
Category B (51%)- this appears generally to cover the ground of Grade II, recognising national importance.
Category C (41%)- buildings of local importance, probably with some overlap with English Grade II.

In Northern Ireland the criteria are similar to Scotland, but the classifications are:
Grade A (2.3%)
Grade B+ (4.7%)
Grade B (93%)

Read more at Wikipedia LinkExternal link

War Memorials

War memorials were mainly constructed after WWI to commemorate the troops who gave their lives in the war. Many were then updated after WWII. Some war memorials date back to the Boer War. Almost every town and village in Britain has a War Memorial. They take many forms, the commonest being an obelisk, a cross or statue of a soldier. Some commemorate the inhabitants of a place, some are for schools and others are for companies or Military groupings.
Many memorials are grade II listed, 61 are II* listed, LinkExternal link*_listed_war_memorials_in_England
& 12 are Grade I listed. LinkExternal link
A search for memorials can be carried out at LinkExternal link

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SX4753, 1272 images   (more nearby search)
Photographer
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Date Taken
Saturday, 21 October, 2017   (more nearby)
Submitted
Monday, 26 February, 2018
Geographical Context
Historic sites and artefacts  Defence, Military 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SX 4773 5393 [10m precision]
WGS84: 50:21.9313N 4:8.5406W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SX 4778 5386
View Direction
Northwest (about 315 degrees)
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