SU2694 : Great Coxwell: the Tithe Barn

taken 3 months ago, near to Great Coxwell, Oxfordshire, Great Britain

Great Coxwell: the Tithe Barn
Great Coxwell: the Tithe Barn
I've compiled the following notes using a number of sources:

Apparently, in 1205 King John granted the manor of Great Coxwell to the Cistercian abbey at Beaulieu in Hants. - and it duly became a monastic grange, farmed in part by monks and in part by tenant farmers. The manor eventually passed into private hands at the dissolution of the monasteries in Henry VIII's time.

Dendrochronological evidence - the examination of patterns of growth rings in timber - suggests a date of building after 1250, and probably in the final decade of that century.

The long axis of the building runs roughly north-south - and for good functional reasons. The east and west doorways (now made smaller) were originally wagon doors, and between them - at the centre of the building - was the threshing floor. During threshing - with flails - these doors would be left open, so that the prevailing (south-west or west) breeze could carry off the chaff while leaving the (heavier) grain to be gathered up for storage.

With the coming of the Industrial Revolution and the invention of threshing machines, the threshing floor was no longer needed. Wagon entrances were opened up in the north and south walls, while the east and west entrances were made smaller.

The interior is divided into nave and aisles by timber uprights, supporting the roof. Pevsner mentions that William Morris (who often visited from Kelmscott) compared the barn to a cathedral - and it would be my guess that it was this interior structure he had most in mind.
Creative Commons Licence [Some Rights Reserved]   © Copyright Stefan Czapski and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.
1:50,000 Modern Day Landranger(TM) Map © Crown Copyright
+
+
1:50,000 Modern Day Landranger(TM) Map © Crown Copyright
TIP: Click the map for Large scale mapping
Change to interactive Map >
Grid Square
SU2694, 74 images   (more nearby )
Photographer
  (find more nearby)
Date Taken
Friday, 19 October, 2018   (more nearby)
Submitted
Friday, 19 October, 2018
Geographical Context
Lowlands  Historic sites and artefacts  Farm, Fishery, Market Gardening  Village, Rural settlement  Country estates 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SU 2688 9402 [10m precision]
WGS84: 51:38.6605N 1:36.7759W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SU 2685 9404
View Direction
East-southeast (about 112 degrees)
Looking for a postcode? Try this pageExternal link
Clickable map
+


Image Type (about): geograph 
This page has been viewed about 116 times.
View this location: KML (Google Earth) · Google MapsExternal link · Bing MapsExternal link · OS Map Checksheet · Geograph Map · geotagged! More Links for this image
NW N NE
W Go E
SW S SE
[Mark
You are not logged in login | register