TL4458 : Alan Turing plaque, Trumpington Street, Cambridge

taken 2 years ago, near to Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Great Britain

Alan Turing plaque, Trumpington Street, Cambridge
Alan Turing plaque, Trumpington Street, Cambridge
This plaque in memory of the codebreaker and computing pioneer Alan Turing is on the Keynes Building of King's College.
Alan Turing
Alan Mathison Turing was born in 1912. In 1935 he developed the concept of the Turing machine, considered to be the basis of the modern theory of computation. It was published in 1936, whilst he studied for a PhD.

During the Second World War Turing worked at Bletchley Park, the Government Code and Cypher School Headquarters, and his invention of the “Bombe” is credited with helping the Allied Forces win the war. Bombe was able to decode the previously “unbreakable” codes produced by the German Enigma machine, thus shortening the war and saving countless thousands of lives. In 1945 Turing was awarded the OBE by King George VI for his wartime services, but his work remained secret for many years.

After the war, Turing worked at the National Physical Laboratory, where he designed the ACE, among the first designs for a stored-program computer and in 1948 he joined Max Newman's Computing Machine Laboratory at the University of Manchester, where he helped develop the first digital computer “Baby”. He became part of the team responsible for most of the important breakthroughs in the development of the computer. He also worked on the subject of Artificial Intelligence.

In 1952 Turing disclosed his homosexuality to a detective investigating a burglary at his home. Homosexuality was at that time a criminal offence and he was arrested, and subsequently the man whose work had been crucial to the war effort was prosecuted in for homosexual acts and failed his security clearance at GCHQ, the post-war successor to Bletchley Park. He accepted treatment with DES (chemical castration) as an alternative to prison.

Turing died in 1954, 16 days before his 42nd birthday, from cyanide poisoning. Although the apple was never tested, an inquest determined his death as suicide, but it has been noted that the known evidence is equally consistent with accidental poisoning. In 2009, following an Internet campaign, then-Prime Minister Gordon Brown made a full and unequivocal official public apology on behalf of the British government for "the appalling way he was treated." Queen Elizabeth II granted him a posthumous pardon in 2013 LinkExternal link (Daily Telegraph report).

LinkExternal link The Alan Turing Home Page maintained by Andrew Hodges, author of “Alan Turing: the Enigma”
King's College
King's College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge.
Grade I listed. LinkExternal link
King's was founded in 1441 by Henry VI, soon after he had founded its sister college in Eton. However, the King's plans for the college were disrupted by the Wars of the Roses and resultant scarcity of funds, and his eventual deposition. Little progress was made on the project until in 1508 Henry VII began to take an interest in the college, most likely as a political move to legitimise his new position. The building of the college's chapel, begun in 1446, was finally finished in 1544 during the reign of Henry VIII.
Wikipedia: LinkExternal link
Website: LinkExternal link
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TL4458, 4982 images   (more nearby )
Photographer
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Date Taken
Sunday, 30 April, 2017   (more nearby)
Submitted
Saturday, 24 November, 2018
Geographical Context
Historic sites and artefacts  Educational sites 
Primary Subject of Photo
Plaque 
Decorative Feature (from Tags)
Plaque 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! TL 4479 5826 [10m precision]
WGS84: 52:12.2133N 0:7.0410E
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! TL 4479 5826
View Direction
West-southwest (about 247 degrees)
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