SU3796 : Cherbury Camp

taken 2 months ago, near to Charney Bassett, Oxfordshire, Great Britain

This is 1 of 3 images, with title Cherbury Camp in this square
Cherbury Camp
Cherbury Camp
Not all Iron Age 'camps' were built on hills: indeed, the words 'camp' and 'hillfort' are misleading, as they had many purposes, not all defensive. Cherbury Camp, unlike nearby Uffington and Liddington hillforts, being (unusually) constructed on low-lying terrain, was situated on a tongue of limestone surrounded by clay, which might have been marshy at the time, and could have been, like Danebury, a centralised location for grain storage. The triple ramparts, which would have been very impressive, could also have served to signal status, as well as keeping marauders at bay.

While the Camp itself is in private hands and is fenced off, it can be seen from three sides from the footpath.
Cherbury Camp
The location of Cherbury is very unusual in that it is not on a hill but is low lying, the maximum height above sea level being about 70 metres. It is situated on the southern fringes of well-drained Corallian limestones to the south of the Thames, on a tongue of dry land surrounded by wet clays which were once possibly marshy.
The site is oval in plan, 3.6 hectares enclosed area, and originally with three ramparts separated by ditches around the entire circuit, although the outer two are now destroyed on the east.
Excavations in 1939* revealed a substantial inner rampart of sand and rubble with an outer revetment of drystone walling about 6 m wide at the base. The single entrance is in the centre of the eastern side where the revetting wall turned inwards into an entrance passage. Postholes suggested a gate at the outer side of the passage. There was a cobbled roadway into the interior with wheel ruts. There was no excavation within the interior.
The site was probably constructed in the 5th/4th centuries BC and abandoned by the 1st century BC. The finds are in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford.
*Bradford, J.P.S. 1940. The excavation of Cherbury Camp, 1939. An interim report. Oxoniensia, V, pp.13-20.
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SU3796, 6 images   (more nearby )
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Date Taken
Tuesday, 13 August, 2019   (more nearby)
Wednesday, 14 August, 2019
Geographical Context
Historic sites and artefacts 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SU 3745 9609 [10m precision]
WGS84: 51:39.7410N 1:27.5976W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SU 3745 9600
View Direction
NORTH (about 0 degrees)
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Other Tags
Hillfort  Iron Age Hillfort  Iron Age  Ramparts  Arable  Public Footpath 

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