SE0896 : A Rare Sow Kiln

taken 17 days ago, near to Stainton, North Yorkshire, Great Britain

A Rare Sow Kiln
A Rare Sow Kiln
Marked on the 1850s OS Map as a disused limekiln, this type of kiln pre-dates the more commonly seen draw kilns of the Dales. Kilns of this type pre-date stone-built kilns, and could have been in use at any time from the late Medieval period to the 18th century.
Pieces of limestone were collected, probably from the ground surface rather than being quarried (behind where I stood to take the photo, there is evidence of shallow workings on an exposure of shelly limestone). Alternate layers of stone and fuel were laid in the kiln bowl and the fire was lit. The mass of fuel and stone was allowed to slowly burn through over a number of days but the rate of burn would have been controlled through the funnel, or stoking hole. When filled, the mass was probably covered with turves to keep out the weather. The limeburner had his way of knowing when the burning process was completed, and he would have then dismantled the whole mass to remove the burnt lime, or quicklime. The lime would have been contaminated with fuel residue so was not very pure, and the main reason for producing the lime must have been for spreading on pastureland to improve the quality of the grass.
Interestingly this kiln is also placed on a parish boundary, so it may have held some importance in the social landscape. The land to the north had previously belonged to Ellerton Priory, and that to the south to Walburn Hall, a 14thC Manor.
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SE0896, 11 images   (more nearby search)
Photographer
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Date Taken
Sunday, 15 March, 2020   (more nearby)
Submitted
Thursday, 26 March, 2020
Geographical Context
Geological interest  Historic sites and artefacts  Uplands  Derelict, Disused  Industry  Moorland 
Primary Subject of Photo
Kiln 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SE 0865 9631 [10m precision]
WGS84: 54:21.7345N 1:52.1034W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SE 0865 9631
View Direction
SOUTH (about 180 degrees)
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Image Type (about): geograph  (Third Visitor for SE0896)
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