SP0179 : The Black Horse public house, Northfield

taken 2 years ago, near to Northfield, Birmingham, Great Britain

The Black Horse public house, Northfield
The Black Horse public house, Northfield
A rather fine example of an 'improved' or 'reformed' public house, built in the late 1920s to a design in this case by Francis Goldsbrough (of Bateman and Bateman) for the brewers John Davenport & Sons. It later fell under the management of the Greenall Whitley brewery, and latterly J.D. Wetherspoons. Grade II* listed LinkExternal link & LinkExternal link in 1981.
Listed Buildings and Structures

Listed buildings and structures are officially designated as being of special architectural, historical or cultural significance. There are over half a million listed structures in the United Kingdom, covered by around 375,000 listings.
Listed status is more commonly associated with buildings or groups of buildings, however it can cover many other structures, including bridges, headstones, steps, ponds, monuments, walls, phone boxes, wrecks, parks, and heritage sites, and in more recent times a road crossing (Abbey Road) and graffiti art (Banksy 'Spy-booth') have been included.

In England and Wales there are three main listing designations;
Grade I (2.5%) - exceptional interest, sometimes considered to be internationally important.
Grade II* (5.5%) - particularly important buildings of more than special interest.
Grade II (92%) - nationally important and of special interest.

There are also locally listed structures (at the discretion of local authorities) using A, B and C designations.

In Scotland three classifications are also used but the criteria are different. There are around 47,500 Listed buildings.
Category A (8%)- generally equivalent to Grade I and II* in England and Wales
Category B (51%)- this appears generally to cover the ground of Grade II, recognising national importance.
Category C (41%)- buildings of local importance, probably with some overlap with English Grade II.

In Northern Ireland the criteria are similar to Scotland, but the classifications are:
Grade A (2.3%)
Grade B+ (4.7%)
Grade B (93%)

Read more at Wikipedia LinkExternal link

Improved or Reformed public houses

Improved/Reformed pubs were primarily an inter-war phenomenon, coming about as a result of a wish to reduce the amount of anti-social behaviour (drunken-ness and brawling, gambling, cock-fighting etc) that was often associated with older, traditional pubs. The combined efforts of magistrates and breweries resulted in the building and licensing of new, larger premises in towns across the country, often in exchange for the surrender of licences in older/smaller pubs in towns and cities. It was quite common for Improved pubs to be built in the growing suburbs as cities expanded, and roughly 3000 such places sprung up across the country in the 1920s and '30s.

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SP0179, 47 images   (more nearby search)
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Date Taken
Wednesday, 8 January, 2020   (more nearby)
Thursday, 30 July, 2020
Geographical Context
Historic sites and artefacts  Business, Retail, Services  City, Town centre 
Primary Subject of Photo
Public House 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SP 0189 7932 [10m precision]
WGS84: 52:24.7127N 1:58.4184W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SP 01926 79285
View Direction
Northwest (about 315 degrees)
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Image Type (about): geograph 
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