2007

NY6566 : Thirlwall Castle

taken 17 years ago, near to Greenhead, Northumberland, England

This is 1 of 27 images, with title Thirlwall Castle in this square
Thirlwall Castle
Thirlwall Castle
This medieval Grade I listed fortified tower is beside the Hadrianís Wall Path and the Pennine Way National Trails. It is constructed mainly from re-used stones from Hadrianís Wall nearby and was the family seat of the Thirlwall family.
Thirlwall Castle

A mid-14th century tower keep surviving as a ruined building, largely built of stone robbed from Hadrian's Wall. It was built as a fortified stronghold above the Tipalt Burn by John Thirlwall to protect his family and their possessions from raiding Scots, particularly prevalent in the Border Raids of the 15th and 16th centuries.

Legend has it that during a particularly violent raid, the familyís most prized possession, a jewel-encrusted gold table, was hidden by a servant (dwarf or troll) down a deep well where he and the table remain to this day, protected by a magic spell.

The castle has a rectangular plan with a slightly-projecting north-east tower. 2.5 to 3m thick walls standing to 2 and 3 storeys on north and west; east wall of similar height has partly collapsed at south; south wall has almost entirely collapsed.

Disused by the mid C17, the castle fell into ruin and was subjected to stone robbing, erosion by the elements and the effects of uncontrolled vegetation. Its survival was due to the massive construction and use of the Roman stones, which have long Ďtailsí embedded up to 400mm (1í4Ē) into the wall core. Nevertheless, by the 1990s it was in a dangerous state and major conservation works were carried out in 2000-2001 to prevent further collapses. The conservation technique known as 'soft capping' was employed to allow natural, non-woody, vegetation to protect the upper parts of the ruined walls.

Thirlwall Castle has been managed by the Northumberland National Park Authority since 1999 and is a Grade I Scheduled Monument (List Entry Number: 1006605).

The Gatehouse Gazetteer, Thirwall Castle: LinkExternal link

Hadrian's Wall

Hadrian's wall or 'Vallum Aelium' is the remains of a large Roman fortification. The wall extended west from Segedunum at Wallsend on the River Tyne to the shore of the Solway Firth, ending a short but unknown distance west of the village of Bowness-on-Solway. Construction probably started sometime in AD 122 and was largely completed within six years.

The remains were made a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987.


Creative Commons Licence [Some Rights Reserved]   © Copyright Adrian Taylor and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.
This photo is linked from: Automatic Clusters: · Pennine Way [10] · Hadrian's Wall Path [9] · Trail [4] Title Clusters: · Thirlwall Castle [27] ·
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Grid Square
NY6566, 101 images   (more nearby 🔍)
Photographer
Adrian Taylor   (more nearby)
Date Taken
Monday, 29 October, 2007   (more nearby)
Submitted
Wednesday, 24 November, 2021
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NY 65935 66149 [1m precision]
WGS84: 54:59.3255N 2:32.0339W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NY 65920 66101
View Direction
North-northeast (about 22 degrees)
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Image Type (about): geograph 
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