NS3778 : A lichen - Ramalina fastigiata

taken 13 years ago, near to Renton, West Dunbartonshire, Great Britain

A lichen - Ramalina fastigiata
A lichen - Ramalina fastigiata
This species was growing on a tree beside a NS3778 : Footpath around Carman Reservoir.

Different lichen species vary greatly in their ability to tolerate air pollution (sulphur dioxide, in particular); this ability is quantified using the Hawksworth and Rose Zone scale, which runs from 0 ('most polluted') to 10 ('pure').

Ramalina fastigiata is assigned to zone 9, meaning that it is very sensitive to pollution; its presence here therefore indicates that air pollution levels in this part of the country are very low.

For other Ramalina species, see: NS3179 : A lichen - Ramalina siliquosa, NS4583 : A lichen - Ramalina fraxinea, NS3778 : A lichen - Ramalina farinacea, NS3383 : A lichen - Ramalina calicaris.
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NS3778, 197 images   (more nearby search)
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Date Taken
Friday, 27 April, 2007   (more nearby)
Saturday, 9 August, 2008
Geographical Context
Woodland, Forest 
Image Buckets ?
Life  Closeup 
Near (from Tags)
Carman Reservoir 
Lichens and mosses   (more nearby)
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NS 375 785 [100m precision]
WGS84: 55:58.3314N 4:36.2998W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NS 375 785
View Direction
Northeast (about 45 degrees)
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