American Monument, Mull of Oa :: Shared Description

The American Monument is on the tip of the Mull of Oa at the extreme southwest of the island of Islay. It commemorates the loss of two troop ships, The Tuscania and The Otranto in 1918.
It actually overlooks the spot where the former of these sank on 5th February 1918 having been torpedoed by the German U-boat UB-77 while carrying American troops to Europe. She sank with the loss of 210 lives.
The second tragedy struck eight months later, on 6th October, very near the end of WWI - when another troop ship the HMS Otranto collided with HMS Kashmir. This incident was even more costly in human lives, with the loss of 431 comprising 351 US servicemen and 80 British crew.
The monument was erected in 1920 by the American Red Cross to commemorate these disasters and the souls who perished. It was designed by the architect Robert Walker and stands about 20m (65') tall perched on cliffs that rise 132m (433') above the sea. (The nearby trig pillar being recorded as at 131m) It resembles a lighthouse but has two bands of lighter coloured stones near its domed top. These bands have regular blank window-like niches around them. There is a large plaque set into the base of the monument on the landward side and above it is the head and wings of an American Eagle clutching a wreath in its talons.
The plaque reads:
Sacred to the Immortal Memory of those American Soldiers and Sailors who gave their lives for their country in the Wrecks of the Transports "Tuscania" and "Otranto" --- February 5th 1918 *** October 6th 1918
This Monument was Erected by The American Red Cross near to the spot where so many of The Victims of The Disasters Sleep in Everlasting Peace
.... (in italics there follows this verse) ....
On Fame's Eternal camping ground
Their silent tents are spread
While Glory keeps with solemn round
The bivouac of the dead
-----------------------------------------
On the seaward side is another smaller plaque encircled by a wreath - this reads:
A Tribute from Woodrow Wilson
President of
The United States of America
To the memory of his fellow citizens who gave their lives for their country in nearby waters
1918
by Rob Farrow

12 images use this description:

NR2741 : Tollacha Gleadhran by M J Richardson
NR2741 : The American Monument, Mull of Oa by Richard Webb
NR2741 : American Monument [detail] by M J Richardson
NR2641 : Steep sea cliff on the Mull of Oa by Rob Farrow
NR2743 : Rocks, islets and skerries off the Mull of Oa by Rob Farrow
NR2741 : American Monument and trig point by M J Richardson
NR2741 : Tollacha Gleadhran by Rob Farrow
NR2741 : Path to the Monument, Mull of Oa by Rob Farrow
NR2741 : American Monument and Trig pillar by Rob Farrow
NR2741 : Path to the American Monument by M J Richardson
NR2741 : Trig point and American Monument by M J Richardson
NR2741 : The American Monument by Rob Farrow


These Shared Descriptions are common to multiple images. For example, you can create a generic description for an object shown in a photo, and reuse the description on all photos of the object. All descriptions are public and shared between contributors, i.e. you can reuse a description created by others, just as they can use yours.
Created: Tue, 15 Apr 2014, Updated: Sat, 14 Jun 2014

The 'Shared Description' text on this page is Copyright 2014 Rob Farrow, however it is specifically licensed so that contributors can reuse it on their own images without restriction.

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