Merton College :: Shared Description

Merton College (in full: The House or College of Scholars of Merton in the University of Oxford) is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford. Its foundation can be traced back to the 1260s when Walter de Merton, chancellor to Henry III and later to Edward I, first drew up statutes for an independent academic community and established endowments to support it. The important feature of Walter's foundation was that this "college" was to be self-governing and that the endowments were directly vested in the Warden and Fellows.
By 1274 when Walter retired from royal service and made his final revisions to the college statutes, the community was consolidated at its present site in the south east corner of the city of Oxford, and a rapid programme of building commenced. The hall and the chapel and the rest of the front quad were complete before the end of the 13th century, but apart from the chapel they have all been much altered since. To most visitors, the college and its buildings are synonymous, but the history of the college can be more deeply understood if one distinguishes the history of the academic community from that of the site and buildings that they have occupied for nearly 750 years.
The college is associated with a number of notable people, including author J. R. R. Tolkien who was Merton Professor of English Language and Literature from 1945 to 1959.
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by N Chadwick
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10 images use this description:

SP5105 : Path around Merton Fields by DS Pugh
SP5106 : Merton College by DS Pugh
SP5106 : Merton College, Oxford by Christine Matthews
SP5106 : Merton sports fields by DS Pugh
SP5105 : Merton Field by DS Pugh
SP5105 : Merton College, Worcester College Boathouse by N Chadwick
SP5106 : Oxford: Merton Street by Christopher Hilton
SP5105 : Oxford: view across Christchurch Meadow by Christopher Hilton
SP5106 : Path on the north of Merton Fields by DS Pugh
SP5105 : Merton College and Worcester College Boathouse by N Chadwick

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Created: Wed, 16 Apr 2014, Updated: Wed, 16 Apr 2014

The 'Shared Description' text on this page is Copyright 2014 N Chadwick, however it is specifically licensed so that contributors can reuse it on their own images without restriction.

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