Malham Cove :: Shared Description

Malham Cove is a natural limestone formation 1 km north of the village of Malham. A well-known beauty spot, it is a large, curved limestone cliff at the head of a valley, with a fine area of limestone pavement at the top.
Originally, a large waterfall flowed over the cove as a glacier melted above it. The remnant of a stream which once fell over the cliff now flows out of the lake of Malham Tarn, on the moors 2 km north of the cove. That stream now disappears underground at the aptly named 'Water Sinks', 1.5 kilometres before its valley reaches the top of the cove. A stream of a similar size (Malham Beck) emerges from a cave at the bottom of the cove. It used to be assumed that the two streams were one and the same. However, experiments with dyes have now shown that two separate streams go underground at different locations, cross paths without mixing behind the cliff, and re-emerge a couple of kilometres apart.
The lip of the cove has been more heavily eroded than the sides, creating a curved shape. A colossal amount of water used to flow over this waterfall, which measures 80 m high and over 300 m wide. Nowadays the underlying cave systems have a large enough capacity to swallow any flood waters before it reaches the fall.
The valley was formed at the end of the last ice age when the ground was frozen. The frozen ground meant that meltwater from the melting ice sheet formed a large river flowing over the surface, eroding the valley that we see today. The water from this river flowed over Malham Cove to form a huge waterfall. When the climate warmed around 12,000 years ago the ground thawed and the river in the valley disappeared underground leaving the valley dry as we see it today.
by N Chadwick
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73 images use this description. Preview sample shown below:

SD8964 : Approaching the pavement by DS Pugh
SD9062 : Malham Village & Cove by N Chadwick
SD8964 : Two men and a dog at Malham Cove by Stephen Craven
SD8964 : Limestone pavement above Malham Cove by David Smith
SD8964 : Malham Cove by N Chadwick
SD8964 : Malham Cove by Ashley Dace
SD8964 : Malham Cove by N Chadwick
SD8964 : Malham Cove by Hamish Griffin
SD8964 : Malham Cove by Hamish Griffin
SD8964 : Looking down the steps by DS Pugh
SD8964 : Malham Cove by N Chadwick
SD8964 : Malham Cove by Ashley Dace
SD8963 : View towards Malham Cove by DS Pugh
SD8964 : Malham Cove by N Chadwick
SD8964 : Malham Cove by Hamish Griffin
SD8964 : Malham Cove by N Chadwick
SD8964 : The cliff face at Malham Cove by David Smith
SD8964 : Malham Beck and Malham Cove by N Chadwick
SD8964 : The eastern end of the cliff at Malham Cove by David Smith
SD8964 : Malham Cove by N Chadwick
SD8964 : The limestone pavement above Malham Cove by David Smith
SD8964 : Malham Cove by DS Pugh
SD8964 : Malham Cove by N Chadwick
SD8964 : Edge of the pavement by DS Pugh
SD8964 : Busy Pavement by N Chadwick

... and 48 more images.

These Shared Descriptions are common to multiple images. For example, you can create a generic description for an object shown in a photo, and reuse the description on all photos of the object. All descriptions are public and shared between contributors, i.e. you can reuse a description created by others, just as they can use yours.
Created: Fri, 17 Jul 2015, Updated: Wed, 25 May 2016

The 'Shared Description' text on this page is Copyright 2015 N Chadwick, however it is specifically licensed so that contributors can reuse it on their own images without restriction.

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