Enmoor Lodge, Leopold Street, Leeds :: Shared Description

The Misses Kettlewell’s School

At the auction in 1876 Enmoor Lodge was bought by Mrs Jane Kettlewell, for £1,600. She and her daughters, the Misses Kettlewell, ran a private boarding school for young ladies. Their 'ladies seminary' was previously at St. James's Villa, just around the corner in Louis Street. They were probably needing a larger building for their school; it is possible that the extension, at the rear of Enmoor Lodge, was built on around this time.

Also Mrs Kettlewell's husband, John Kettlewell had just died the previous year, 1875, possibly leaving her with the wealth and freedom to buy larger premises for the school.

John Kettlewell was a watchmaker and had his own business in the city centre. He is listed in the directories at 157 Briggate as a gold and silversmith, jewellery and clock manufacturer, optician, etc.

The Kettlewell family comprised: Mrs Jane, a widow; Misses Fanny Alicia, Anne Elizabeth, and Emma, her daughters, and her son Charles B.The 1881 Census lists the Kettlewell plus a Governess, Cook, Housemaid, and 10 female students, making 18 residents altogether, quite a houseful!

The Misses Kettlewell were spinsters. In 1910 Charles Buck Kettlewell is still listed as a resident of 96 Chapeltown Road. 'Buck' was the maiden name of Jane Kettlewell, his mother. He was an insurance broker and a bachelor. He died in 1915, aged 67. Two small upstairs windows still the bear the initials 'CBK' in Victorian frosted glass, these may stand for Charles Buck Kettlewell.

The school advertised regularly in the local press for prospective pupils. An advert on the front page of the Leeds Mercury on Saturday, August 3rd, 1878 reads:

ENMOOR LODGE Ladies School, Chapeltown Road, New Leeds – Mrs and the Misses Kettlewell receive Young Ladies to Board and Educate. The School Course embraces preparation for the University, Local and other Examinations. The terms include thorough English – its language and Literature, Latin, Mathematics, Natural Sciences. Resident French and English Governesses, and a staff of high class visiting Professors. Yearly examinations of the whole School. Prospectus on application. Duties resumed (D.V.) August 8th.

This shows that the young ladies at Enmoor Lodge received a highly academic education, aimed at university entrance. In the mid-late Victorian period women's education began to change, the Two Spheres division was breaking down. Women like Bella Rokesmith in Dickens's Our Mutual Friend were demanding a bigger role: "I want to be something so much worthier than the doll in the doll's house."(Book IV, Chap.5). Of course, when women passed their university examinations they still would not have been awarded degrees at this time.

In 1890 Mrs. Kettlewell decided to pass on the ownership of the house to her three daughters.

Mrs.Kettlewell died in 1895 at the age of 83.

After thirty-three years the school at Enmoor Lodge closed in 1911. By this time only the Misses Kettlewell remained. They continued to live in the house until the early 1920s when, in the space of three years they all passed away. Fanny Alicia died on October 12th, 1920, aged 69; Anne Elizabeth died at Enmoor Lodge on 26th March, 1921, aged 72; and Emma expired on 20th October, 1923, at the ripe old age of 79. Interestingly, Emma had also owned 4 houses on Roseville Road which she must have let out to tenants.

The whole Kettlewell family from Enmoor Lodge including John (the father)were buried in Leeds General Cemetery which is now known as St George's Fields and lies within the University of Leeds campus. Unfortunately nearly all the gravestones have been cleared away.

In 1924 a group of Jewish gentlemen clubbed together and bought number 1 Leopold Street. These 'gentlemen' were mostly actually working men from Chapeltown, Harehills, and Sheepscar: they included nine tailors, a machinist, a drayman, a furnisher, and a jeweller. One, Harris Goldfine, was from Islington in London. Another was Hyman Morris, a wallpaper manufacturer, who was to become an alderman and in 1941 he became the first Jewish Lord Mayor of Leeds.

Hyman Morris, the first Jewish Lord Mayor of Leeds, 1941.

The Jewish partners paid £1,500 for number 1 Leopold Street and then proceeded to have the house converted into flats. The Electoral Register of 1928 lists residents of Flats 1, 2, 4 and 5, at number 1 Leopold Street. At flat 5 there lived Joseph and Lily Cohen, and in 1929 they were joined by Jack and Gershon Cohen; in Flat 7 a Rhoda Ginsberg resided. The fact that there were now Jewish tenants at number 1 Leopold Street was a reflection of the movement of the Jewish community into Chapeltown at this time.

By 1934 seven of the original Jewish partners had died and the house was sold for £1,500 to a Jewish friendly society, called the King David Independent Friendly Society. In 1959 the council bought number 1 Leopold Street for £2,250 and it became council flats.

After the Second World War more immigrants came to Chapeltown. These included Poles, Latvians, Serbs, Asians, and, of course, Afro-Caribbeans. In 1966 Stanislav and Helen Szostak lived in flat D, number 1 Leopold Street. They were probably Polish. In flat C, Calvin and Virus Jobson lived, a couple from the Caribbean.

In February, 1998, number 1 Leopold Street was bought by Leeds Action to Create Homes, a local charity which provides housing and support to the homeless. Over the next few years LATCH carried out extensive alterations to the house and converted it into 6 modern flats for young people in housing need. The work was carried out by the new tenants or 'self-builders', volunteers, and workers on training schemes. An official opening ceremony was held in January 2001 and the tenants were able to move in, thus completing another chapter in the history of this seemingly unremarkable Leeds house.
by Mark Stevenson
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SE3035 : Enmoor Lodge, Leopold Street, Leeds by Mark Stevenson
SE3035 : Enmoor Lodge, Leopold Street, Leeds by Mark Stevenson
SE3035 : Enmoor Lodge, Leopold Street, Leeds by Mark Stevenson
SE3035 : Enmoor Lodge, Leopold Street, Leeds by Mark Stevenson
SE3035 : Enmoor Lodge, Leopold Street, Leeds by Mark Stevenson
SE3035 : Enmoor Lodge, Leopold Street, Leeds by Mark Stevenson

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Created: Fri, 22 Apr 2016, Updated: Sun, 5 Jun 2016

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