The Oxford Canal :: Shared Description

The 78 mile Oxford Canal links Oxford with the Coventry Canal near Bedworth, via Banbury and Rugby. It connects to the River Thames at Oxford, and even combines with the Grand Union Canal for 5 miles near Braunston.

The canal was constructed in stages over about twenty years from 1769 to 1790. James Brindley surveyed and began the work with Samuel Simcock, but following Brindley's death, Simcock took over. By 1774 the canal had reached Napton, and by 1778, Banbury. Lack of money meant that the final stretch to Oxford was not started until 1786. That took three years and the completed canal was finally opened on 1 January 1790.

Being an early canal, it was built to be contour hugging, avoiding changes of water level wherever possible. As a result of increasing competition from the Grand Union Canal, by the late 1820s it was decided that the meandering course needed reducing in mileage, so the northern section was to be reduced by more than 14 miles. Construction, supervised by Sir William Cubitt, started in 1829, and was finished by 1834. A parallel doubling up of the lock flight at Hillmorton was built and the route was straightened in many places, and a new tunnel at Newbold was dug. Not all the planned improvements were made; the final reduction in mileage being nearer 11 miles.
Evidence of the original course can still be seen by perusing aerial images and OS 1:25000 maps. The section south of Napton was never straightened. The railways had arrived and canal decline had started.

Information reduced from Wikipedia LinkExternal link
by Roger Kidd
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134 images use this description. Preview sample shown below:

SP4281 : Oxford Canal north of Brinklow in Warwickshire by Roger  Kidd
SP4578 : Hungerfield Bridge north-west of Cathiron in Warwickshire by Roger  Kidd
SP5077 : Oxford Canal east of Newbold on Avon, Warwickshire by Roger  Kidd
SP4650 : Claydon Lock 18, Oxford Canal by Stephen McKay
SP4551 : Oxford Canal, north of Claydon by Stephen McKay
SP4253 : Oxford Canal, Fenny Compton by Stephen McKay
SP4540 : Tooley's Boatyard, Banbury by Stephen McKay
SP5176 : Oxford Canal  near Brownsover, Warwickshire by Roger  Kidd
SP4646 : Oxford Canal, Cropredy by Stephen McKay
SP4352 : Fenny Compton Tunnel, Oxford Canal by Stephen McKay
SP4645 : Cropredy Mill Bridge, Oxford Canal by Stephen McKay
SP4578 : Oxford Canal west of Cathiron in Warwickshire by Roger  Kidd
SP4551 : Boundary Lift Bridge, Oxford Canal by Stephen McKay
SP5269 : Rowdyke Bridge south-west of Barby in Northamptonshire by Roger  Kidd
SP5366 : Oxford Canal north-west of Braunston in Northamptonshire by Roger  Kidd
SP4877 : Bridge No 50 north of Newbold on Avon, Warwickshire by Roger  Kidd
SP4453 : Wells Bridge, Oxford Canal by Stephen McKay
SP4182 : Oxford Canal at Nettle Hill in Warwickshire by Roger  Kidd
SP4381 : Oxford Canal approaching Stretton Stop, Warwickshire by Roger  Kidd
SP4877 : Newbold Tunnel (south-east portal) in Warwickshire by Roger  Kidd
SP4877 : Oxford Canal north-west of Newbold-on-Avon, Warwickshire by Roger  Kidd
SP5473 : Oxford Canal at Wharf Bridge near Rugby, Warwickshire by Roger  Kidd
SP4646 : Oxford Canal, Cropredy by Stephen McKay
SP4977 : Oxford Canal, Newbold on Avon by Stephen McKay
SP4877 : Canal arm south of Harborough Magna in Warwickshire by Roger  Kidd

... and 109 more images.

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Created: Mon, 2 Apr 2018, Updated: Sun, 8 Apr 2018

The 'Shared Description' text on this page is Copyright 2018 Roger Kidd, however it is specifically licensed so that contributors can reuse it on their own images without restriction.

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